What is Fracking?

Fracking is a dangerous, industrial activity.

Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is the process of drilling into the earth and creating explosions to shatter and crack hard shale rock in order to release the gas and oil inside. Each well uses millions of gallons of water along with sand and toxic chemicals that are injected into the rock at extremely high pressure which allows the gas or oil to flow up to the wellhead. The process is carried out with directional or horizontal drilling into the rock layer extending to 2000 or more feet in any direction. Fracking with horizontal drilling is a relatively new process, only coming into use during the past 10+ years. An increasing body of research indicates that there are health and safety hazards associated with the process of hydraulic fracturing including air and water pollution.